Opening "Das Dritte Land" on October 3, 2022 in Erfurt, Germany.
Opening „Das Dritte Land“ on October 3, 2022 in Erfurt, Germany.
Das Dritte Land, the artists‘ garden by Han Seok Hyun and Kim Seung Hwoe, has moved from Berlin’s Kulturforum to Erfurt’s Petersberg (below the Martinsbastion of the Petersberg Citadel) on the initiative of the Kunstmuseen Erfurt and the Erfurt Kunstverein. From a distance, the garden looks like a mountain landscape. The interplay of the fog rising from the ground in the morning and evening with the basalt-shaped mountains is reminiscent of the picturesque perspective of Korean landscape painting from the Joseon period. Since April 2022, 35 different species of wild plants from North and South Korea have been growing in this garden. The stone settlements quote the Baekdudaegan Mountains, whose mountain range stretches from the north to the south of Korea. It connects Korea, which has been divided for more than 60 years; its flora forms a bridge, an expression of the common botanical heritage. Han Seok Hyun and Kim Seung Hwoe have created a third nature with their artist garden, in which symbolically the power of nature triumphs over the painful presence of the political division of the Korean peninsula.
Online lecture event for the publication about the artists' garden "Das Dritte Land"
Das Dritte Land between Poetics and Politics
On December 9, 2021, at 10 a.m., as a video conference (Zoom Meeting), a lecture event accompanying the publication „Das Dritte Land between Poetics and Politics“ will be held, organized by Kunsthalle Erfurt and Erfurt Art Association with the kind support of Korea Art Management Service and the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism of the Republic of Korea.
On the occasion of the two-year presence of the artists‘ garden „Das Dritte Land“ by Korean artists: Kim Seung Hwoe and Han Seok Hyun at the Berlin Kulturforum and its imminent move to the Petersberg in Erfurt on the initiative of Kunsthalle Erfurt, the catalog „Das Dritte Land between Poetics and Politics“ will be published.
The publication documents the making of this garden – which as a body of art unfolds a meaning that deals with the historical dynamics of overcoming borders – as well as its development in Berlin to date. In various texts, scholars examine „Das Dritte Land“ from art-historical, transcultural, political, and aesthetic perspectives. The garden changes its image through the seasons, but as an artist garden in public space, it always remains a forum for encounters and a refuge in the middle of the city.
The online event invites you to attend three lectures:
Prof. Dr. Lee Kalisch (Art Historian, East Asian Art History (ret.), Free University of Berlin), based on the concept of „true-view“ landscape painting and the cosmological idea of „bones and veins“ in Korean garden aesthetics, shows how the artist garden „Das Dritte Land“ aesthetically reinterprets and energizes Korean geography and art history.
Dr. Kim Jung Hwa (Landscape Historian, Postdoctoral Fellow, Art History Institute in Florence – Max Planck Institute) will speak about shifting meanings of transnational plant transfer between Germany and Korea in the 19th century and in the present using selected examples from the Botanical Garden and the Ethnological Museum in Berlin and „Das Dritte Land“.
Prof. Dr. Michael Mussong (Diplom-Forstwirt, University of Applied Sciences for Sustainable Development Eberswalde) will report on his last research trip to North Korea, his impressions on the relationship of North Koreans to nature and ecology.
The event will be moderated by the curator of the project Keumhwa Kim, curator and art scholar from Berlin.
„Das Dritte Land“, the artist garden of Han Seok Hyun and Kim Seung Hwoe, winners of the Unity Prize of the Federal Agency for Civic Education 2020, has moved from the Berlin Kulturforum (May 2019- April 2022) to Erfurt’s Petersberg (At the foothill of the Martinsbastion of the Petersberg Citadel) on the initiative of the Kunstmuseen Erfurt. In this garden, 35 different species of wild plants from North and South Korea have been growing since April 2022. From a distance, the garden looks like a mountain landscape. The interplay of the water vapor rising from the ground with the mountains formed from basalt is reminiscent of the picturesque perspectives of Korean landscape painting from the Joseon period.
The two artists: Han Seok Hyun and Kim Seung Hwoe explicitly refer to the painting Inwang jesaekdo (1751). The prominent rocks of Inwang Mountain, the fog and the trees, created in simple but bold composition, allow a panoramic view of the mountain of Seoul city. The black and white contrast of the ink painting emphasizes a curved forest path and captures the moment just after a rain shower. The magic of this painting, which gives the viewer the feeling of walking in a real and surreal landscape, is resurrected by the artists in their garden: White-flowered wildflowers from South and North Korea, the mountains of Baekdu-daegan recreated from black basalt stones, and the water vapor rising from the ground are the main elements from whose interplay Das Dritte Land emerges.
In Han Seok Hyun and Kim Seung Hwoe’s garden, plants that come from either North or South Korea are to grow together. Their garden creates the image of a paradisiacal Korea. In the sense of Michel Foucault, it is a place of heterotopia, where the real collides with the non-real, seemingly immovable facts and untenable utopias stand side by side. His starting point is the mountain range „Baekdu-daegan“, which stretches over 1470 kilometers across the Korean peninsula – from Mount Baekdusan in the north to Mount Jirisan in the south. „Baekdu-daegan“ is considered the backbone of Korea, forming mountains, valleys and rivers, shaping flora and fauna, and even influencing the culture and language of Korea.
The artist garden, „Das Dritte Land“ by Seok Hyun Han and Seung Hwoe Kim was opened on Matthäikirchplatz at Kulturforum on May 23, 2019 and stood in the location there until April 15, 2022. In the anniversary year of the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, the artists‘ garden The Third Land reflected the history of Germany and the present of Korea as a place for political reflection. With the project, Korean artists Han Seok Hyun and Kim Seung Hwoe want to bring the existence of borders and the hope of overcoming them back into the public consciousness.
The Kulturforum is a place that reflects the eventful history of the divided Berlin during the Cold War in a particularly multifaceted way. The Wall ran in the immediate vicinity. The Forum was built as a counterpart to the Museum Island in East Berlin and was intended to become a symbol of West Berlin. Matthäikirchplatz, which had been laid out by the architect Friedrich August Stüler as a paradisiacal front garden of St. Matthew’s Church and was transformed into a narrow traffic circle in the post-war period, has become a stage with the Third Land, on which the Korean wild plants stage a play of arrivals and departures in the rhythm of the seasons.
The construction of the garden at the Kulturforum was made possible by a successful crowdfunding campaign. Over 160 supporters worldwide donated more than 30,000 euros within thirty days for the transport and care of the plants and the construction of the garden.
Cooperation partner: St. Matthew’s Foundation
Realization: Ingo Bauditz Garten- und Landschaftsbau GmbH
Consulting: FUGMANN JANOTTA PARTNER, Landscape Architects I Landscape Planners
Plants: Aboretum Baekdudaegan (백두대간식물원), South Korea
Technical maintenance: Uwe Rommel
Assistance: Caro Greifenstein, Hwisu Yoo
Press: Corinna Wolfien, Dahee Seo
Visual Identity: Young Sam Kim
Documentation: Dahahm Choi, Christian Frey, Dongryoung Han, Dahee Seo
Garden maintenance: Beate Rhode, Clemens Wilhelm
On the initiative of the Kunstmuseen Erfurt, Das Dritte Land was moved from the Berlin Kulturforum to Erfurt’s Petersberg (at the foot of the Martin bastion of the Petersberg citadel), with a view of the Brühl district of the city center, the Erfurt Opera, the cathedral and the Severi Church. On October 3, 2022, the artist garden was opened as part of the official celebrations for the Day of German Unity under the motto „growing together“. Since then, 35 different species of wild plants from North and South Korea have been growing in this garden. From a distance, the garden looks like a mountain landscape. The interplay of the water vapor rising from the ground and the mountains formed from basalt is reminiscent of the picturesque perspectives of Korean landscape painting from the Joseon period.
„Das Dritte Land in Erfurt will not be one garden artwork among many in Erfurt. It will invite not only contemplation but also use. Meetings will be held there, films will be shown and music will be played. It will become a lively place of cultural and political exchange, also of remembrance, not least of the fascination that emanates from such a landscape „en miniature“ and the plants growing here in the change of the seasons“ (quote: Dr. Kai-Uwe Schierz, the director of the Kunstmuseum Erfurt from the foreword of the catalog : Das Dritte Land zwischen Poetik und Politik)
The transfer of the Artists‘ Garden to Erfurt was made possible by the kind support of the Korea Foundation, Thuringia State Chancellery, Erfurt City Council (Garden and Cemetery Office, Erfurt Art Museums) and the Erfurt Art Association. The opening of the Artists‘ Garden in Erfurt was kindly supported by the Ministry of Unification Republic of Korea.
Organizer: Art Gallery Erfurt, Erfurt Art Association
Realization: Garden and Cemetery Office Erfurt
Assistance: Yujin Lee
Plant consulting: Byunlchorong Wildflower(별초롱야생화), Hongcheon, South Korea
Garden maintenance & documentation: Hye-Kyoung Choi, Garden and Cemetery Office Erfurt
Das Dritte Land
Artist garden, basalt, soil, plants from Baekdudaegan(Korea), moist, art in public space (2019-).
Artists: Han Seok Hyun, Kim Seung Hwoe
Curator: Keumhwa Kim
Location: at the foot of Martin’s bastion of Petersberg Citadel, Lauentor, Erfurt (2022).
Matthäikirchplatz, 10785 Berlin – Kulturforum (2019 – 2022)
Visual Identity: Young Sam Kim
Homepage: Supercomputer Studio
Information according to § 5 TMG
Keum Art Projects
C/O Santa Rita Cultural Office
Adalbertstr. 4th, 1st floor
Sales tax identification number according to §27a Umsatzsteuergesetz: DE294018822
Responsible for the content according to § 55 Abs. 2 RStV:
Keumhwa Kim, Kunstverein Erfurt, Art Museum Erfurt